Choking hazard: Preventive measures

As infants and young children learn to eat, they should always be supervised and seated in appropriate, child-sized chairs to reduce the risk of choking. Remember that children move through stages at their own rate. By watching children closely, you will be able to judge when they are ready for certain foods.

By watching children closely, you will be able to judge when they are ready for certain foods.


  • Whole or large pieces of raw vegetables, fruit and bread. Kabobs (on a skewer or toothpick)
·        Grate raw vegetables or fruit.
·        Cook to soften.
·        Remove pits and large seeds.
·        Cut into very small pieces – about 1 cm (½ in) diameter.
·        Cut up vegetables and fruit and serve them on a plate, rather than on a skewer or toothpick.

  • Grapes
·        Cut into quarters, lengthwise, and remove seeds.

  • Foods with fibrous or stringy textures such as celery or pineapple
·        Finely chop these foods.

  • Raisins and other dried fruit
·        Do not give to children under four years old.

  • Popcorn
·        Do not give to children under four years old.

  • Seed and nut butter spread thickly or served on a spoon
·        Spread thinly on a cracker or bread

  • Whole nuts and seeds



·        Do not give to children under four years old.
  • Fish with bones
·        Carefully remove all bones.


  • Wieners or sausages
·        Cut into quarters, lengthwise, then into bite-size pieces (or do not serve).

  • Gum, marshmallows, hard candy and cough drops
·        Do not give to children under four years old.


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