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Cetrizine, an antihistamine for allergy

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An antihistamine, Cetrizine 10 MG Tablet is a medication that can be used for treating allergic symptoms like itching, sneezing, runny nose and watery eyes. It is also effective to treat swelling or itching that is caused by hives. 

The chemical known as histamine is the reason for the allergic symptoms that you suffer from. Being an antihistamine, Cetrizine 10 MG Tablet reduces or blocks this chemical in your body, thus reliving you from the symptoms. This medicine can reduce your symptoms, but not prevent it. You can take this medicine in the form of tablets, capsule or syrup. You can take this medicine along with your food or without it.



Cetrizine 10 MG Tablet is an allergy medication that can help you get relief from mild allergy symptoms like sneezing, runny nose, watery eyes and itchy nose or throat. It also helps to provide relief from hives. The body produces the chemical histamine when you come in contact with certain allergens. It is this histamine that causes the symptoms that are associated with allergies. 

As Cetrizine 10 MG Tablet is an antihistamine, it will block the effect of that chemical in the body. The medicine can provide you relief from these symptoms, but it cannot prevent them. It comes in tablet, capsule as well as syrup form. You can swallow, chew or let the tablet dissolve in the mouth.


When it comes to dosage, follow the directions provided on the label or the instructions given by your doctor. You must not have it in large amounts or longer than required. You can take the medicine along with your food or without it. In case you are having the chewable tablet, ensure that you chew it properly before swallowing. 

Also, do not take two doses at once in case you miss out on one. Overdosing can lead to a feeling of restlessness or nervousness; followed by drowsiness. Being a second-generation antihistamine, Cetrizine 10 MG Tablet does not have too much of side effects. 



Though, it may have certain side effects like stomach pain, vomiting, diarrhea, dry mouth, tiredness and drowsiness. They are usually not emergencies but you can consult with your doctor if it is bothering you. In case of side effects like problems in urinating, vision, insomnia and irregular heartbeats; it is advisable to stop taking Cetrizine 10 MG Tablet and seek medical help at once.

There are some precautions that you need to keep in mind before or after taking Cetrizine 10 MG Tablet. Even though not to a great extent, Cetrizine 10 MG Tablet can cause drowsiness and it may have different reactions in different people. You must be cautious, especially in the initial stages of taking the medication. Avoid drinking or driving during this time. 

Avoid taking this medication if you are allergic to it or to any other ingredient that has been used in it. Consult your doctor before taking Cetrizine 10 MG Tablet if you are planning to get pregnant or are pregnant. This medicine is normally not recommended for pregnant women. Also, avoid it if you are breast-feeding your child, as this drug can pass on through the breast milk. 

Ask your doctor before taking Cetrizine 10 MG Tablet if you have any disease related to the kidney or the liver. Information given here is based on the salt and content of the medicine. Effect and uses of medicine may vary from person to person. It is advicable to consult a Allergist/Immunologist before using this medicine.


How long is the duration of effect? 


The effect of this medicine lasts for an average of 24 hours.


What is the onset of action? 


The effect of this medicine can be observed within an hour of oral administration.


Are there any pregnancy warnings? 


This medicine is not known to cause any harmful effect on the fetus. There is a lack of conclusive evidence from clinical studies and hence benefits and risks should be weighed before usage. Consult your doctor before taking this medicine.


Is it habit forming?

No habit forming tendencies were reported.


Are there any breast-feeding warnings? 


This medicine is not recommended for use in women who are breastfeeding as it can cause side effects for the baby. Consult your doctor before taking this medication

CONTRAINDICATIONS


Cetrizine 10 MG Tablet is not recommended for use if you have a known history of allergy to it. 


Kidney Disease 


Cetrizine 10 MG Tablet is not recommended if you are suffering from end-stage kidney disease, were the Creatinine clearance in such cases is less than 10 ml/min. It should not be used in children below 12 years with kidney abnormalities

MECHANISM OF ACTION


Cetrizine 10 MG Tablet selectively inhibits the peripheral H1 receptors thereby reducing the histamine levels in the body. It specifically acts on allergies caused in the stomach and intestine, blood vessels and airways leading to the lung

Uses

Cetirizine is an antihistamine used to relieve allergy symptoms such as watery eyes, runny nose, itching eyes/nose, sneezing, hives, and itching. It works by blocking a certain natural substance (histamine) that your body makes during an allergic reaction.

Cetirizine does not prevent hives or prevent/treat a serious allergic reaction (such as anaphylaxis). Therefore, if your doctor has prescribed epinephrine to treat allergic reactions, always carry your epinephrine injector with you. Do not use cetirizine in place of your epinephrine.

Side Effects

Drowsiness, tiredness, and dry mouth may occur. Stomach pain may also occur, especially in children. If any of these effects persist or worsen, tell your doctor or pharmacist promptly. If your doctor has prescribed this medication, remember that he or she has judged that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of side effects. 

Many people using this medication do not have serious side effects. Tell your doctor right away if you have any serious side effects, including: difficulty urinating, weakness.

A very serious allergic reaction to this drug is rare. However, get medical help right away if you notice any symptoms of a serious allergic reaction, including: rash, itching/swelling (especially of the face/tongue/throat), severe dizziness, trouble breathing.

This is not a complete list of possible side effects. If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your doctor or pharmacist.
Cetrizine, an antihistamine for allergy Cetrizine, an antihistamine for allergy Reviewed by gafacom on July 17, 2019 Rating: 5

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